Body mass index says little about our health
In general, people who are overweight or even obese have poorer health predictions. But recent studies show that this is not always true. People with an excess body mass index (BMI) can have a better overall constitution than slim people.
Experts consider obesity to be unhealthy
The World Health Organization (WHO) issued a warning last year: Europeans are getting fatter. There was talk of an impending “overweight crisis”. In this context, the experts also addressed the enormous health risks that resulted from this. According to doctors, obesity costs many years of life. ("Https://www.heilpraxisnet.de/naturheilpraxis/uebergewicht-kosten-viele-lebensjahre-901853447278.php") According to studies, particularly severe obesity can lead to serious complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) or Fat metabolism disorders. In addition, the risk of cardiovascular diseases, such as a heart attack or stroke, increases. However, a new scientific study is now coming to the conclusion that being fat doesn't always have to be that dangerous.
BMI says little about health
The latest study, carried out by scientists from the University of California in Los Angeles (USA), shows that the body mass index (BMI) does not provide any decisive information about human health. The researchers, who published their results in the specialist journal "International Journal of Obesity", criticize that many people are classified as unhealthy even though they only have a higher BMI. The BMI can be calculated by dividing the body weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters. With a BMI between 25 and 30, a person is considered overweight and over 30 is considered obese. According to the WHO, a BMI between 18.5 and 25 is desirable. According to experts, the majority of the German population is overweight.
Obese people should pay more insurance premiums
The study results receive special attention against the background of a planned new insurance system in the USA. There, the premiums will in future be calculated according to the state of health. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission plans to adopt this regulation in April. This should make the health system fairer. Patients who cause a lot of costs and are therefore not healthy should also pay more. The investigation now showed that around 54 million Americans who were considered unhealthy due to their weight had no symptoms of illness. According to the information, various values such as blood pressure, blood sugar levels or cholesterol levels showed no abnormalities. To get to their conclusion, the researchers analyzed the data from around 40,000 Americans from the National Health Nutrition Examination Survey and extrapolated the result to the entire population.
Slim people with bad values
"Many people see obesity as a death sentence," said A. Janet Tomiyama, lead author of the study, in a post on "EurekAlert!" "However, the data show that there are millions of people who are overweight and obese, but in the best of health." The plan to measure health costs based on the BMI is therefore very problematic. Almost half of the population that the BMI classifies as overweight is said to be healthy. Another 20 million people who are considered obese are also healthy. On the other hand, over 30 percent of people with “normal” BMI have been found to have poor health measurements, including blood pressure, blood sugar, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. "There are healthy people who could be punished for a faulty health measurement, while unhealthy people of normal weight are not recognized as such and no longer have to pay for their health insurance," criticized Tomiyama. Co-author Jeffrey Hunger commented on the study results: "This should be the last nail in the coffin for BMI". (ad)