Ginkgo extracts: New in the S3 guideline "Dementias"

Ginkgo extracts: New in the S3 guideline

Up to 1.5 million people in Germany now live with dementia, and around 244,000 people fall ill each year. These figures give the current “dementia guideline”, which was presented at the beginning of 2016 and involved 25 relevant specialist societies. One of the most important changes in the new S3 guideline is the inclusion of the Ginkgo special extract EGb 761 in the therapy recommendations.

The guideline of the highest quality level S3, developed under the leadership of the German Society for Neurology (DGN) and the German Society for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Psychosomatics and Neurology (DGPPN), brings up to 133 pages the current knowledge about the best possible recognition, treatment and care of people up to date with Alzheimer's disease and other dementias.

Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 has been added to the low-priced products. The guideline reports in detail on the scientific studies carried out in the last few years with the special extract EGb 761 obtained from the medicinal plant Ginkgo biloba. The authors of the guideline state: “There are indications for the effectiveness of Ginkgo biloba EGb 761 on cognition Patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's or vascular dementia and non-psychotic behavioral symptoms. Treatment can be considered. "

As early as 2008, the Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), including six double-blind randomized clinical trials, came to the conclusion that there was proof of the benefit of 240 mg daily of the Ginkgo biloba extract for the therapeutic goal “Activities of daily life” EGb 761 gives. This is especially to be expected in dementia patients with accompanying psychopathological symptoms.

However, the proven effectiveness does not generally apply to all preparations from the medicinal plant Ginkgo biloba, but only to the special extract EGb 761, with which almost all of the studies considered were carried out. The scientific results obtained with EGb 761 must therefore not be transferred to other ginkgo-containing preparations, teas, globules or tinctures. (pn)

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