Not just underweight: eating disorders can have various signs
Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa (anorexia nervosa) and bulimia nervosa (vomiting nausea) have increased significantly in recent years. Such addictions often lead to underweight, but other signs can also indicate an eating disorder. It is important that those affected get help as early as possible.
Eating disorders have increased significantly
Figures from recent years show that eating disorders are increasing dramatically. More and more girls are particularly affected. According to health experts, disorders like anorexia and bulimia should be treated quickly, but you have to recognize them first. Signs of an eating disorder can be if the thoughts constantly revolve around the food and the figure. The same applies if one's own body is loathed or eaten secretly.
Help should be sought for warning signals
As the dpa news agency reports, the Medical Center for Quality in Medicine (ÄZQ) advises that help should be sought with such warning signals. Possible contacts can be the pediatrician, the family doctor or a psychotherapist. According to the ÄZQ, no transfer is required. A first point of contact can also be the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA), where you can get anonymous advice on 0221/89 20 31. Special outpatient clinics or advice centers for eating disorders are further options.
Not only underweight can be a sign
Eating disorders can show up in very different ways. One form is anorexia (anorexia nervosa), which is usually accompanied by underweight, which is mainly caused by hunger, but also by vomiting, a lot of sport or laxatives. In most cases, those affected weigh themselves very often, count calories and are panicky, the ÄZQ explained. Despite being underweight, they think they are too fat. Another form is bulimia, which is characterized by binge eating. Here, sufferers gobble up large quantities secretly and then feel guilty and take countermeasures by, for example, vomiting, fasting, dieting or excessive exercise.
The earlier treatment, the better
In the so-called binge eating disorder (psychogenic eating addiction), those affected also have uncontrolled eating attacks and a disturbed feeling of hunger and satiety. However, they do not counteract after a binge, which is why they are usually overweight. The different forms of eating disorders are usually associated with mental problems and low self-esteem. In many cases, psychotherapy can help those affected, but such treatment takes time. According to the ÄZQ, the longer the eating disorder, the longer the therapy. According to the experts, it is important to get help at all, because anorexia can lead to problems such as muscle loss or hair loss. In addition, people who vomit constantly damage teeth and esophagus. Overweight can also lead to joint pain and high blood pressure. And just recently, scientists from Bochum reported that eating disorders can promote diabetes mellitus. (ad)