Prevention of stroke: Every second stroke could have been prevented

Prevention of stroke: Every second stroke could have been prevented

Health professional: Prevent every second stroke
Every year, over a quarter of a million people in Germany suffer a stroke. This is one of the most common causes of death in Germany. Survivors usually have to deal with the consequences for life. Better prevention would prevent around every second stroke.

Often associated with lifelong consequences
The sudden stroke of the jazz singer Roger Cicero a few days ago caused great excitement. The disease is usually associated with increased age, but younger people are increasingly affected by stroke, as studies in recent years have shown. In Germany alone, around 270,000 people suffer a stroke every year. According to the German Stroke Society (DSG), stroke is the third leading cause of death in Germany and the most common reason for disabilities among adults. The numbers are also high in neighboring Austria. According to an expert, roughly every second stroke could be prevented by comprehensive, health prevention.

Every second stroke could be prevented
Typical risk factors for a stroke include high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, atrial fibrillation and fat metabolism disorders. If prevention were to prevent these factors, every second stroke could be prevented. The Vice President of the Austrian Society for General Medicine, Reinhold Glehr, said in a message from the APA news agency. According to this, 25,000 strokes occur every year in the Alpine Republic. Every sixth person affected dies, about half of the survivors can lead a normal life again after adequate therapy and after often lengthy rehabilitation.

Many patients become nursing care
According to the Innsbruck neurologist Stefan Kiechl, President of the Austrian Stroke Society according to the APA, around 15 percent of patients remain more or less severely impaired, and the same number become nursing care. "Health awareness has increased, but the displacement remains the same," says Glehr. "As long as nothing happens, you don't feel affected." In conversations between the family doctor and the patient, Glehr sees an opportunity to motivate people to turn away from habits they have become fond of, such as cigarettes, alcohol, unhealthy diet and lack of exercise. "Conversational medicine should be recognized and rewarded," said the expert.

Great advances in therapy
There has been great progress in treating patients in recent years. Various new therapies for stroke patients were presented, which can improve speech after a stroke, among other things. And only recently did scientists report in the specialist magazine "Lancet Neurol" about a therapy that helps stroke patients to eat again with a knife and fork.

Rapid help is important in the event of a stroke
Speed ​​is extremely important in a stroke. "It is crucial that the patient comes immediately," emphasized Kiechl. In specialized facilities, so-called stroke units, an ischemic stroke is treated by dissolving the blood clot with an injected drug. Because this method alone is not sufficient if a large blood vessel is blocked, combination therapy is currently being established. As the neurologist Elisabeth Fertl from the Rudolf Foundation in Vienna explained, after thrombolysis, the clot is mechanically removed using a microcatheter. According to current information, this new therapy for stroke patients, which was presented at a congress in Scotland last year, must be carried out within six hours of the stroke, according to the agency. (ad)

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Video: Preventing a Stroke