Whistling glandular fever: blood test brings clarity to the kissing disease

Whistling glandular fever: blood test brings clarity to the kissing disease

Clarity after blood test: reliably detect glandular fever
Sore throat, fever, swelling of the lymph nodes: The symptoms of Pfeiffer's glandular fever are similar to those of a flu. A blood test can clarify which illness is behind the symptoms. There is no therapy for the disease.

Symptoms of “kissing sickness” are similar to those of the flu
Kissing strengthens the immune system and reduces stress, but a single intense kiss also transfers millions of bacteria. It can be used to transmit, among other things, hepatitis B, herpes in the mouth or Pfeiffer's glandular fever caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. The latter is therefore also known under the name “kissing disease”. The symptoms of Pfeiffer's glandular fever are similar to those of a flu-like infection. For this reason, the disease is often recognized late. Affected people are often out of action for weeks. A news release from the dpa news agency has compiled some useful information about the disease.

How to recognize glandular fever
In children, the disease usually runs almost without symptoms. Many adults suffer particularly from fatigue and listlessness. The tricky thing about Pfeiffer's glandular fever: the symptoms are similar to a flu-like infection. Symptoms include fever, sore throat and swollen lymph nodes. "A blood test brings clarity," Michael Kulas told dpa. The general practitioner with practice in Wallerfangen near Saarlouis advises you to take a test if the fever persists for more than three days and you feel very sick. In some cases, the spleen and liver can swell. According to Kulas, this is only unpleasant for the liver, and in rare cases it can be dangerous for the spleen. "It can tear in extreme swellings."

Antibiotics don't help against the disease
Pfeiffer's glandular fever triggered by the Epstein-Barr virus is a viral infection - antibiotics therefore do not help. "There is no therapy for Pfeiffer's glandular fever," says Kulas. According to the expert, who is also a member of the board of the German General Practitioners' Association, the disease heals itself over time, but this can take a few weeks. During this time, physical rest helps. "Sport is taboo," said Kulas. Alcohol should also be avoided at all costs. Other experts also recommend drinking a lot, especially if the patient has a fever. Medicines or natural methods such as home remedies for fever can help against the individual complaints.

Contagion not only when kissing
The dpa report also explains why the disease is called “kissing disease”: the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon region, where the disease is also known as “kissing disease”. According to the information, the viruses are most effectively transmitted via saliva. "Kissing is ideal," says Kulas. It doesn't have to be that intimate, drinking from the same bottle can be enough to infect someone. The risk of infection only drops when the symptoms have subsided. According to Kulas, the viruses are then trapped in the lymphocytes and no longer in the throat. (ad)

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