Bacteria can help diagnose pancreatic cancer

Bacteria can help diagnose pancreatic cancer

Certain bacteria in the mouth show the likelihood of pancreatic cancer
The presence of certain bacteria in the mouth may indicate that there is an increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer. With their help, earlier and more precise treatment could be initiated quickly.

Scientists from the "NYU Langone Medical Center" found in an investigation that there is a way to detect the development of pancreatic cancer at an early stage. Certain bacteria in your mouth can be a sign of an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. The researchers published the results of their study at the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Bacterial changes in the mouth should be examined
Patients with pancreatic cancer are prone to gum disease, cavities, and generally have poor oral health, doctors say. The results of the study showed that a bacterial change in our mouth could indicate the risk of developing pancreatic cancer. Additional factors include age, gender, family history, and whether people are smokers, says Jiyoung Ahn, a researcher at NYU Langone Medical Center. Pancreatic cancer is usually difficult to detect early, the disease is extremely fatal, and few people survive longer than 5 years after diagnosis.

Two types of bacteria are particularly dangerous
If so-called aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans bacteria are found in people's mouths, the risk of developing pancreatic cancer has increased by around 119 percent, the scientists warn. The bacteria can often be associated with periodontitis. The presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis bacteria in our mouth increases the risk of pancreatic cancer by at least 59 percent compared to people without such bacteria, the experts say. Both types of bacteria have been found in conditions such as periodontitis or gum inflammation. The research also made it clear that cigarette smoking leads to changes in the amount and composition of bacteria in our mouth, the doctors add.

Study examines mouthwash samples from 361 people with pancreatic cancer
For the current study, the researchers compared the bacterial content in mouthwash samples from 361 men and women with pancreatic cancer to the samples from 371 people of the same age who did not suffer from such a disease. However, further research is needed to determine a cause-effect relationship more precisely, explain the scientists from the NYU Langone Medical Center. (as)

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Video: Pancreatic Cancer Research