Recognize diabetes risk: measure waist better than BMI

Recognize diabetes risk: measure waist better than BMI

Waist instead of BMI: Better marker for assessing diabetes risk
(aid) - For the assessment of the diabetes risk, the waist circumference is significantly more meaningful than the body weight or the body mass index. This is the result of an investigation by the University of Halle. The scientists had evaluated four studies with a total of over 10,000 participants from different regions in Germany. The results of the study on adult health in Germany (DEGS) with around 3,100 test subjects were also included in the evaluation of various anthropometric markers: body weight and height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, the waist-hip and waist-size ratio were put to the test.

A common measure for assessing body weight is the BMI, which indicates the ratio of weight (in kg) to body size (in m to square). However, the BMI does not take into account where the fat is located. And that is crucial for the health risk. Fat in the abdomen is particularly harmful because it collects on the internal organs and is very metabolically active. The waist circumference, on the other hand, reflects the condition of the abdominal organs and enables an assessment of the visceral (in the body) fat tissue.

The study results now confirmed a connection between this body data and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes: between the markers of abdominal fat, such as waist size and the ratio of waist size to body size, there was a stronger relationship to this typical nutritional illness than weight and BMI was the case. This could be proven for men and women alike.

You can easily determine your waist size yourself. With the upper body free, the measuring tape is placed standing at the level of the navel and guided in a straight line around the abdomen. It should not exceed 88 cm in women and 102 cm in men. In addition to a balanced diet, special fitness programs are suitable for reducing belly fat. (Heike Kreutz, aid)

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