Researchers: Smoking often leads to inflammation of the gums

Researchers: Smoking often leads to inflammation of the gums

Proper oral hygiene can effectively prevent the disease
Anyone who smokes has an increased risk of gingivitis. This is reported by the Federal Association of German Pharmacists' Associations in the current issue of its magazine "Neue Apotheken Illustrierte". In addition to this, older age, stress and a weakened immune system would increase the risk of diseases of the tooth structure. However, there are simple ways to prevent the problem.

In the worst case, there is a risk of tooth loss
Inflammation of the tooth support system (periodontitis) has developed into a widespread disease. As the “Neue Apotheken Illustrierte” (April 15, 2016 edition) currently reports, 80 percent of adults in Germany have pre-periodontitis stages. The inflammation can occur if the accumulation of bacteria on the tooth surface or the plaque is not removed regularly and thoroughly, explains the Federal Association of German Pharmacists' Associations in its magazine. This results in inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), which can spread further to the jawbone and, if not treated, can even lead to tooth loss.

Periodontitis is often recognized very late
Older people are particularly at risk because they are more susceptible to diseases of the tooth structure, according to the article. Other risk factors include tight-fitting, difficult-to-clean teeth, carious defects, tartar, insufficient saliva and improper nutrition, all of which offer the bacteria an ideal breeding ground. Smoking, stress and a weakened immune system also favor the risk of developing the disease. Inflammation of the gums often does not cause any discomfort at the beginning and is therefore only discovered late. However, this makes treatment all the more difficult.

Brush and floss twice a day
Therefore, good oral hygiene is particularly important when there is an increased risk. To prevent this, the teeth should be cleaned thoroughly twice a day: "Daily oral hygiene consists of cleaning the tooth surfaces with the toothbrush and the interdental spaces with dental floss or interdental brushes", the National Dental Association (KZBV) quotes in the magazine. If it is a more aggressive form of periodontitis, an antibiotic may also be useful, and general preventive measures consist of regular checks by the dentist and professional tooth cleaning. (No)

Author and source information



Video: Tobacco: How It Kills