Blood pressure: Menopausal women are often more prone to high blood pressure

Blood pressure: Menopausal women are often more prone to high blood pressure

Hormonal changes have an adverse effect on blood pressure
Menopausal women should pay special attention to their blood pressure. This is indicated by the German Hypertension League (DHL) on the occasion of the "World Hypertension Day 2016", which this year is running under the motto "Blood pressure in motion". Because of the hormonal change, the level of the male hormone testosterone rises during menopause, which has an unfavorable effect on blood pressure. As a result, more than half of women experience hypertension during the menopause. To avoid health risks, blood pressure should be measured regularly and the values ​​discussed with the doctor.

Almost every third person has elevated values
According to the German Hypertension League (DHL), around 20 to 30 million people in this country have high blood pressure (hypertension). This is when the measurement at the doctor repeatedly results in values ​​above 140/90 mmHg. Contrary to popular belief, this is by no means a typical “aging disease”. Because even if older people are particularly affected, the measuring device also shows increasing values ​​for an increasing number of younger people. Because high blood pressure does not produce any specific symptoms, it is often only discovered at an advanced stage and must then often be treated with medication. If left untreated, no matter what age, there is a risk of serious damage to health, because hypertension is still the most important risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and can therefore cause a heart attack or stroke.

Women from the age of 70 affected more often than men
With regard to the frequency of hypertension according to age and gender, a clear pattern can be seen according to DHL: Up to the age of 45, mainly men fall ill, but after the age of 50 more and more women are affected, until they become men at the latest Have even overtaken the age of 70. The reason for the increasing number of female patients with increasing age lies in the hormonal changes during the menopause. Because during menopause, the level of the blood pressure-lowering female sex hormone estrogen drops. At the same time, the level of the male hormone testosterone rises, which has a negative effect on blood pressure and increases the risk of hypertension. According to DHL, more than half of women develop hypertension during the menopause. In addition to this, psychological stresses in connection with this “upheaval phase” such as fears and negative stress could lead to an increase in values, the experts in the high-pressure league add.

Hypertension usually arises from the interaction of several risk factors
According to DHL, the increase in affected young people is primarily due to the growing number of overweight people. In addition, there are other burdens such as increasing pressure at school and at the beginning of working life, because hypertension usually arises from a combination of several risk factors. These also include e.g. Lack of exercise, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Accordingly, a healthy lifestyle can prevent high blood pressure. And even if it already exists in a light form (i.e. with values ​​below 160/90 mmHg), it is possible to put the body into a "normal state" so far that no medication is necessary.

A healthy, varied diet with little fat and salt and moderate training play an important role here. Relaxation exercises to reduce stress, such as Yoga or autogenic training can be very effective and positively influence high blood pressure values. Various home remedies for high blood pressure can also provide good support. Here, for example, Kneipp applications like a rising arm bath. For this, fill the sink with 35 ° C warm water and bathe your forearms in it. The temperature should rise to 39 ° C within fifteen minutes. (No)

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