It is better to diagnose and treat high blood pressure early

It is better to diagnose and treat high blood pressure early

High blood pressure as a risk factor: Many younger people are also affected
Almost every third German suffers from high blood pressure. But many know nothing about it. Hypertension is often dismissed as an “old age disease”, but many younger people also have high blood pressure. Untreated high blood pressure can have serious consequences and lead to fatal diseases.

Hypertension is not an “age-related illness”
According to the German Hypertension League (DHL), around 20 to 30 million people in Germany suffer from high blood pressure (hypertension). Although almost every third person is affected, many think that high blood pressure is an “age-related illness”. But this assumption is wrong. As the experts report on the occasion of the Hypertension Day, it is mainly older people who get sick, but younger people are also increasingly affected. Young men, in particular, are often unaware of their high blood pressure and are less likely to be treated. Untreated hypertension is still one of the greatest health risks in the western world. It is the number one risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and is therefore responsible for many deaths from heart attacks or strokes.

Many women are unaware of the danger
Up to the age of 45, mainly men develop high blood pressure, but after the age of 50, the number of women affected increases significantly. Menopausal women are often more prone to high blood pressure. This was pointed out by DHL on the occasion of the “World Hypertension Day 2016”, which takes place this year under the motto “Blood pressure on the move”. From the age of 70 at the latest, women have overtaken men. According to the experts, too few women still know about this danger, although they tend to be more health-conscious than men and also go to the doctor more often.

120 instead of 140 as a new blood pressure target
High blood pressure is when the doctor measures multiple values ​​higher than 140/90 mmHg. However, according to experts, the significance of regularly measured blood pressure values ​​is higher. They are usually around 5 mmHg less systolic (upper value) and diastolic (lower value) than at the doctor's because the “white coat effect” is no longer present. It has been controversial for years which values ​​hypertensives should best be adjusted to with medication. According to some experts, the new blood pressure target is 120 instead of 140.

25 percent reduction in heart attack risk
As part of the so-called SPRINT study, over 9,300 blood pressure patients in the United States were half systolic to very low values ​​below 120 mmHg. The subjects were high-risk patients with already diagnosed cardiovascular disease. A 25 percent reduction in the risk of heart attack, stroke, chronic heart failure or death from cardiovascular disease was observed in the study’s intensive therapy group. In addition, there were 38 percent fewer cases of chronic heart failure, 43 percent fewer cardiovascular deaths and a 27 percent decrease in overall mortality. However, more side effects such as increased kidney dysfunction and episodes of too low blood pressure have also been observed. Patients should therefore be closely monitored with such intensive therapy. However, such a procedure should offer advantages for high-risk patients, the researchers reported.

Hypertension can often be treated without medication
In many cases, high blood pressure can be treated without medication. In addition to a healthy, varied diet with little fat, sugar and salt, regular exercise should be mentioned here. Alcohol consumption should be reduced and smoking ceased. Overweight should also be avoided. In addition, relaxation exercises for stress relief such as yoga or autogenic training can be very effective and positively influence high blood pressure values. Some home remedies for high blood pressure can provide good support. For example, Kneipp applications such as a rising arm bath have proven their worth. For this, fill the sink with 35 degrees warm water and bathe your forearms in it. The temperature should rise to 39 degrees within fifteen minutes. (ad)

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Video: Understanding Blood Pressure